Melancholic-this is one of the types of temperaments according to the theory of Hippocrates. According to Hippocrates, melancholic is defined as” melena hole”, which means”black bile” in Greek. The character of a melancholic can be determined by a tendency to depressive States. The melancholic temperament determines the presence of such qualities as aloofness, isolation, increased emotionality, sensitivity, impressionability. Melancholics are subject to affective disorders and anxiety problems significantly more than representatives of other types of temperaments. A person of a melancholy type of temperament is very easily wounded, prone to deep experiences of minor bad luck, and outwardly this manifests itself in the form of chagrin, sadness, sluggish reactions. They urgently need the presence of people who will be close to them and will empathize with them in difficult moments for them.
In fact, melancholics also have strong sides. Just the same difficulties, and as it would seem, the weaknesses of this type of temperament, can be transformed in a positive direction. Thus, increased sensitivity, impressionability, sensuality of nature, fine organization of the soul, depth of emotional experiences and reactions, stability of character – these are the traits that can help a person in creative professions.
If the development conditions of individuals with a melancholic temperament were unfavorable, this may affect the formation of introversion, alienation, and increased emotional reaction. If the conditions for their development were optimal, then the melancholic becomes a completely social individual who is able to cope independently with various life tasks or problems.
Melancholic introvert characteristic of it contains such qualities as high emotional sensitivity, deep vulnerability to rejection by significant people, increased intuitive perception of their world and other people’s attitudes to themselves.
Who is a melancholic
The character of a melancholic is very multi-faceted. This type of temperament combines special features, the most important of which are considered: stubbornness, perfectionism, pedantry, analytical, strong emotion and deep sensitivity, introversion.
Stubbornness is one of the leading qualities of this temperament. Due to stubbornness, the owner of this temperament is a person, because he has his own unbiased opinion and his own vision of some issue or problem. His opinion is considered the most correct and generally ideal. Why melancholic often solitary, because it is not so easy to go with him on his “ideal path”. But it does not “go with the flow”.
The increased propensity to analyze information leads to the fact that the melancholic always very carefully makes a personal plan of action. An individual of this type of temperament is always predictable, he does not like suddenness and spontaneity, so he plans his daily routine very carefully. Often because of this, he is called a bore. But really, the need for spontaneous decisions or the unpredictability of events instill in the soul of a melancholic anxiety and panic.
The melancholic has stable tastes and interests, he never changes his views, and loves to complain. If he needs something, he will not ask for it directly, he will rather beg, “whimper”, even when there is no need for it.
In most conflict situations initiated by the melancholic, he defends his idea that things should exist in an ideal order, and this ideal he invents himself. In an argument, melancholics use logical thinking, analytical data, and available evidence to prove their case. But the argument for them is not a way of asserting themselves, they really want to argue the correctness or wrongness of an idea and settle down. Confirmation of their superiority is not for them, because melancholics often have low self-esteem, they consider themselves unworthy of compliments or gratitude, they are very shy, even if they are praised for real merits. Such people in response to compliments always try to find an excuse to somehow argue why this happened and what exactly the gratitude itself is for.
Another striking feature of the melancholy type of temperament is perfectionism. This quality defines them as people who have everything to be defined and made perfect. As a result, they can often create a problem from scratch, because they feel that something they have done is not as perfect as they would like. Such people set too high standards for everything that surrounds them, and they want everything to be done clearly according to these standards. They also make high demands for themselves. If someone or something doesn’t meet these requirements, they get very upset.
If someone points out the mistakes of the melancholics themselves, even such minor ones as an unbuttoned fly in their pants or a crooked bed, they are upset beyond belief and begin to consider themselves insignificant and incapable of anything. They already have low self-esteem, and such feelings can lead to self-destruction. In such situations, melancholics experience a sense of shame and guilt because they could not meet their own requirements.
The imperfection of others, any deviation from the standards set by them (which is important) leads them to frustration, which can lead them to blame people for their inappropriate behavior. The “guilty” themselves sincerely do not understand what happened and often they have to ask for forgiveness from a melancholic, even when they do not know why. Such strictness of this type of temperament is only external. In fact, there is a struggle going on inside him, he is worried about his lack of compliance with standards, which directly affects his self-esteem.
The character of a melancholic is quite pedantic, which stems from perfectionism, and he is also prone to analysis. Because of this, melancholics often give too much attention to the details of a particular situation, and do not perceive the overall picture, they can not put everything together. The melancholic cannot accept everything as it is, he gets to the very essence of the thing, although as a result it may often not be what he expected, then he becomes even more upset.
The obsessive desire for detail makes the melancholic too analytical. In General, analyticity is a very good, useful quality of personality, but, like everything else, if there is too much of it, then it is perceived as negative. Often melancholics suffer from neurosis, which is due to the fact that analysis becomes an obsessive action that exposes the brain to constant perception and processing of information. If he does not succeed in getting to the truth, the melancholic is very much upset and blames himself for his own inferiority.
Emotionality and sensitivity are the leading traits that comprise the representative of this temperament. They determine that the melancholic is a romantic nature, a dreamer with a rich imagination.
The melancholic is sensitive to all that is beautiful, to vices and injustice. Everything that is wrong, imperfect, about him or other people causes resentment.
Melancholic is very sensitive to the manifestation of various types of rudeness, bad manners or rudeness. Often in response to an impertinence in his direction, he may cry, but he will not swear. His mood is very unstable, it is under the influence of excitability, emotion, suspiciousness and resentment. The slightest unpleasant reason for a melancholic can affect so that a happy mood in an instant becomes sad.
The melancholic character can be demanding, but not aggressive. He may initiate disputes based on situations of injustice, but he still prefers to avoid conflicts altogether.
The melancholic manipulates the fact that he tries to cause guilt in people, but intentionally he does this only in very rare cases.
The melancholic has the strongest introversion in comparison with other types of temperaments.
Melancholic introvert feature:
– seeks to be alone;
– very carefully chooses the people with whom he starts a relationship;
– very shy, so he believes that he is not able to arouse the interest of others;
“he is easily confused, so he avoids new acquaintances so as not to be in an awkward position.
Often melancholics do not think about what they could achieve in important areas of life. But often they need to correct some of their character traits: touchiness, pedantry, perfectionism. Melancholics in order to part with their perfectionism, you need to learn to see the beautiful in the imperfect, or even stop evaluating everything in a row and adjust it to their high standards. If you get rid of this quality, it will be much easier for such a person to live, because they will understand that it is impossible for everything in life to be perfect. Therefore, life must be accepted with all its problems and imperfections.
By restoring inner harmony, the melancholic will be able to direct their energy in a productive direction, such as in a creative direction, and thereby get rid of sadness and gain self-confidence. For all this, you need to take risks and get out of the personal comfort zone, to openly face all that knocks out of balance – injustice, rudeness, rudeness. It is necessary to accept this as a fact and realize that in fact it is impossible to permanently eradicate it. You need to expand your horizons and pay attention not only to the negative aspects of life, but also try to notice how much amazing there is in the world.
You should also shift your thinking to your relationships with people and stop blaming them for things that don’t really matter. It is necessary to be less categorical with them and stop evaluating their personal tastes and interests. It is because of this that all people are individuals. But if it is really difficult for a melancholic to communicate with people of other views, it will be more appropriate for him to change his environment, but at the same time to come to terms with the fact that everyone has the right to Express themselves as they please.
If a melancholic wants to become more productive and change his life for the better, to bring positive and joy to it, then he must set a goal to learn to accept people and things as they really are. And the sensitivity of your nature is better directed to the contemplation of the beautiful in the world.
Melancholic characteristic pros and cons.
The advantages or strengths of melancholics include the ability to empathy, a deep perception of the emotional state of other people, an increased sense of aesthetics, a premonition of trouble, anticipation of trouble, constancy, and a tendency to long-term relationships, both friendly and loving.
Melancholic characterization pros and cons of the character. Minuses:
– rapid fatigue, in connection with which the melancholic often takes long breaks at work, which reduces his overall ability to work;
– isolation, introversion, pedantry;
– inflated standards by which other people are evaluated;
– anxiety, constant concern, focus on a bad result, pessimism, despair, complaints about fate;
– high susceptibility to stress, every trouble melancholic perceives as a terrifying shock, after which he has a long recovery;
“a melancholy person has an increased readiness for trouble.
Melancholics are not very good at creating relationships with other individuals, they have friends, but they are mostly very old, they may be neighbors, work colleagues or classmates, but they are not in a hurry to get new friendships. This is also because the compatibility of the melancholic with other personalities is often absent. Although this type is very non-confrontational, which allows him to avoid problems in the relationship, gives him positive and good qualities (until he began to show his pedantry).
Melancholic needs sanguine, although he does not understand it, only sanguine can Wake him up, show him how positive life is. The melancholic allows the sanguine to command them, decide where to go and what to do. But a sanguine person must understand that if he persists too much, he will destroy the relationship. The melancholic must learn to forgive the antics of the sanguine, and the sanguine must be more sensitive to the vulnerability of the melancholic.
Compatible with the melancholic-choleric is possible only if both representatives of the temperaments to learn to compromise. Most melancholics admire the passion, drive, and fervor of the choleric. The choleric, in turn, does not pay attention to the grievances or accusations of the melancholic, so they accept those as they are without admiration or contempt. The melancholic-choleric Union can be quite successful, since such opposites perfectly complement each other.
The compatibility of the melancholic with the phlegmatic is not always successful. Phlegmatic enough measured, it is alien to those experiences that occur in the soul of a melancholic. If the melancholic and the phlegmatic are more attentive to each other, they will be able to get along, because they both love peace and quiet.
The Union of the melancholic with the melancholic is almost always doomed. If two vulnerable, insecure individuals live together, who will vent all their resentments on each other, then such a relationship is doomed. Pedantry and idealism will make their life a nightmare. This compatibility is possible only if they are both engaged in creative work, in which they will vent their accumulated emotions, and they will spend their evenings in a quiet home environment.
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