From symphonies to Opera – in the course of 80 years (1820-1900), exciting changes are taking place in the world of music, composers are beginning to violate the rules and foundations of musical form established in the Classical era.
Lots of new musical ideas. There was a huge surge of outstanding artists, each of whom had a unique look and compositional style. Music became more personal as composers began to Express their feelings and emotions using unconventional harmonies, instruments, and huge orchestras.
For example, Mahler’s Millennium Symphony, which had its American premiere in 1916 with more than 1,000 instrumentalists and singers).
Of course, there are hundreds of incredible composers that are worth mentioning, but we will only tell you about a few whose names you must know.
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
Frédéric Chopin is a Polish pianist and composer, known for his piano works. He specialized in the following genres: etude, Mazurka, Nocturne, waltz, Polonaise.
Many of his works were influenced by Polish folk songs, and national motifs in Chopin’s music corresponded to the current of romanticism.
All of his compositions include piano, most of them written exclusively for solo piano, including sonatas, mazurkas, waltzes, Nocturnes, polonaises, etudes, improvisations, scherzos and preludes
Franz Liszt (1843-1907)
The Hungarian composer and pianist Franz Liszt is perhaps one of the greatest pianists who ever lived in Hungary. He was part of the New German School and became its leading figure.
Liszt is well known for many talents, including the ability to rewrite orchestral works for piano, the invention of a symphonic poem (using a Symphony to tell a story, describe a landscape, or present any non-musical idea), and progressive thematic transformation (essentially, the evolution of a theme through variation). Also known as a philanthropist and writer and virtuoso performer
Liszt was immensely popular as a concert pianist and was known for his impassioned performances, which included dramatic gestures, intense facial expressions, and adding his own style to all the pieces. His improvisations and emotional performances made him a true legend of the romantic period.
Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901)
Giuseppe Verdi was an Italian composer known for his operas, including Rigoletto, Aida, and others. His ability to penetrate the soul and evoke the strongest emotions makes him one of the most famous romantic composers.
But Verdi was not only a legendary composer. He was engaged in both political and social activities and was idolized by many Italians for his beliefs.
Some of Verdi’s musical styles are so distinctive that many composers – past and present – have never used them again. As if the copyright belongs only to him. But above all, Verdi is known for the sublime Italian operas created on the foundations laid by Bellini and Donizetti.
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
Johannes Brahms is a German composer and virtuoso pianist.
Brahms was known for his more classical style compared to his romantic contemporaries. He composed for piano, Symphony orchestra, voice, and choir. Having an incredible skill in counterpoint, which is why he is often compared to Johann Sebastian Bach, as well as Beethoven.
Brahms was a “purist” and believed that his music should follow the rules of Baroque and classical compositions, while transforming them into a more modern form. It is known that Brahms was also an incredible perfectionist and sometimes threw out entire works because he didn’t think they were good enough!
Richard Strauss (1864-1949)
Richard Strauss was a German composer of the romantic period and early modern era. He is known for his dramatic operas – “the flying Dutchman”, “ELEKTRA”,”Tristan and Isolde”.
Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835)
Bellini was an Italian composer, best known for his Bel Canto operas. His long melodic lines have been praised by composers such as Verdi, Chopin and Liszt, and his ability to combine text, melody and instrumentation and turn them into meaningful emotions is almost unique.
Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
Berlioz is a composer, conductor and writer who had a great influence on future composers. His famous “Treatise on instruments” was read and studied by composers such as Mussorgsky, Mahler, and Richard Strauss. The book details various aspects of instruments, including range, tonality, and use in an orchestra.
Many musicologists believe that his music at that time was extremely progressive, “romanticizing” the symphonic form, program music, and instrumentation.
It will be useful and interesting to you: